Glossary




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HANDWRITING

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Glossary




Ascender
A part of a lower case letter that rises above the midline.








Ascender line
A horizontal line that marks the height of ascenders.








Bar
A horizontal line, as in the letters f and t.







Baseline
A horizontal line the most letters rest on.








Body
The parts of a letter between the baseline and midline.





Bowl
A curved shape that encloses a space in a character.






Capital line
A horizontal line that marks the height of capitals.







Chancery cursive
A style of writing used for documents in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. This sample is from Arrighi’s Operina.




Counter
White space inside a letter.





Cursive
Any joined writing. Sometimes also unjoined letters that resemble writing.





Descender
The part of letters that go below the baseline.








Descender line
A horizontal line that marks the depth of descenders.








Exit stroke
A part of a letter that starts a join to the following letter.





Join
A line that connects two letters.






Looped cursive
Various handwriting models, losely based on copperplate script.





Midline
A horizontal line that marks the top of lower case letters without ascenders.






Print script
Unjoined writing, based on ellipses and straight lines, usually upright.




Stem
An upright line in a letter.




Stroke
A single mark made with a pen.