The A-group

Home page

   Lower case
   The a-family
   The b-family
   The o-family
   The x-family
   The l-family
   The A-group
   The E-group
   The O-group


This is the A-group.

These letters are made with diagonals. Some were no doubt based on triangles.

Begin the letter A with a diagonal. Try to get the slant right. You can begin either at the bottom or at the top.

The right diagonal should begin at the top and end at the baseline. Lift the pen.

Move the pen to the left diagonal, a little below the middle. Make the bar, and lift the pen.

When you get used to writing italic, you can turn the bar into a join to a lower case letter.

In capital letters, the writing direction of every line is not as important as it is in the lower case. The slant of the letters should be the same as the slant of the lower case.


Begin the letter V with a diagonal from the top to the baseline. You can write the second line either down from the top or up from the bottom.

The letter W is not two letters V.


The letter W on the left is made from two letters V. Each has a line down the middle to show the slant. The lines in the letter on the right show how much the shapes have to be tilted and compressed to become a well-made letter W.


Begin with a diagonal down to the baseline. Add the second line, either up or down. The third should go down to the baseline. And the fourth can go either up or down.

The letter M starts with a stem that can go either up or down. The second stroke is a diagonal from top to baseline. The third can go either up or down. The fourth is a downstroke.

Here’s a method of forming the letter M. While you get used to making the right shape, begin with the letter V. Then add the outside stems. Once you’ve got used to it, write it the proper way.

Begin the letter N with a straight stem. Then make a diagonal down to the baseline. Finish with a second straight stem, either up or down.

Start the letter K from the top. Aim the upper diagonal at the first stem, just above the middle. Make the lower diagonal, without lifting the pen, down to the baseline.

The letter X begins with a diagonal down to the right, just like the lower case letter. Lift the pen, start again at the top, and make a diagonal down to the left.

You begin the letter Y just like the letter X, with a diagonal to the right. When you’re a little more than halfway down, make a straight stem to the baseline. Lift the pen, and make a second diagonal.

The letter Z starts with a stroke to the right. This is followed by a diagonal stroke to the left, down to the baseline. Finish with a sideways movement to the right.