Glossary: S




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Sans serif
A group name fro typefaces having no serifs, and including grotesques, dorics, and gothics.


Scale
The thickness of a stroke relative to its height, in the example here 1:4.


Scratch comma
A punctuation mark in the form of a fine, slightly oblique line.


Scratch line
A fine distinct line, especially between the numerator and the denominator in a fraction.


Script
Type designs that imitate handwriting.


Middle serif
That on the apex of some design of the letter w.


Serif
The finishing stroke to a stem, and designed in a great variety of forms.


Set
The width designation or measurement of a type.


Shaded
Descriptive of two different design treatments
1.  Where the face is made up of lines etc, implying a shaded effect.
2.  Where the face appears to be raised and cast a shadow, and thus be of three-dimensional aspect


Shading
a name sometimes applied to stress (qv).


Shadow
A name sometimes substituted for shaded in describing three-dimensional forms; see shaded 2.


Shank
See stem.


Sheared terminal
A curved line terminated by a straight line.


Short ascenders
Those somewhat under the normal allowance in relation to the rest of the face as in xxx.


Short descenders
Those appreciably less proportionately to the rest of the face.


Short letters
Those of the lower case occupying the x-height.


Skeleton
A type design composed of very thin lines.


Slab
Square-sectioned, particularly in reference to serifs of this shape.


Sloped roman
A leaning type which, unlike the italic form, is modelled directly on its companion roman

Sloping
Inclined upwards at angle, especially in reference to sloping stem.


Sloping bar
That sloping up from left to right in the lower-case e, as in black leter and traditional venetian founts.


Sloping stem
Another name for an inclined arm.


Slur
An extended or deformed dot, as seen (particularly) at the termination of certain old faces and related type designs.


Slur serif
One of bulbous or stub formation.


Small capitals
Reduced facsimiles of normal capitals usuallly cut to x-height but occasionally rather taller.


Small face
Descriptive of the smaller of two sizes of type cast on a given body, and thus showing a leaded effect when set as text.


Spine
The central portion of the letter s.


Splayed
Letter M with outer stems that are not vertical.


Spur
A line extending or completing an arm or serif.


Square letters
Those, particularly capitals, based on the M.


Standard
The basic or measuring length in lower-case alphabets, ie 13 ems of its own body.


Stem
The basic line in a type face, also known as shank.


Stencil
Reminescent of stencilled lettering.


Stipple
A dotted pattern, appearing in the actual design of the type or as a background.


Straight of bowl
The stem of the letter against which a bowl appears.


Stress
The apparent inclination of round letters, bowls, etc, principally suggested by the position of the thickest part of the curved stroke; also known as bias, emphasis, modelling or shading.


Stroke
A firm line in a letter, usually the main (down) stroke and the minor (up or hairline) stroke.


Stub
A short or rounded serif, whether convex on concave.


Swash
Exaggerated or extended, particularly in relation to swash capitals, used as alternative and fancy form of italics.








Serif
A stroke at the beginning or the end of some letterforms.

Shading
Thickening of a curve.




Sidebearings
The distance between either side of a character to the boundaries of the character width.


Slur
An extended or deformed dot, as seen (particularly) at the termination of some old face and related type designs.





Spine
The main curve of the letter s.




Stem
Main stroke, usually straight and upright.

Stress
Thickening of a curve.