Glossary: O P Q R




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TYPE DESIGN

Design notes
Basics
Decisions
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Bold
Italic
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Elbow grease

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Oblique
A sloping letter, as in italic.


Oblique bar
The closed bar of characters such as venetian lower-case letter e.


Oblique stress
Backward modelling, especially that in the traditional venetian round letters, sometimes descibed as on its back.


Old English
See blackletter.


Old face
A design in which the difference between thick and thin strokes is appreciable but not strong, serifs tend to be fairly long and well bracketed onto the stems, set is usually close.


Old style
A rather lighter and more regular version of old face.


Old-style figures
Non-aligning arabic figures, sometimes known as hanging.


On its back
A typefounder’s expression for oblique stress (qv).


Open
1.  Descriptive of a typeface which is rounder and wider set than usual.
2.  A design with firm outline but from which solid parts have been partly or wholly removed.


Ornamented
A type design bearing embellishment or adornment.


Outline
The shape of a type face as given usually by a simple line.


Overlapped
See cross stem.






Pothook
A sharp and rather long beginning or termination, particularly of certain italic letters.


Pica
Anglo-American type measure.

Pixel
One dot on a computer screen, often equivalent to one point.

Point
Typographic measure, about 1 / 72 of an inch.



Roman
An upright letterform, based on the Latin alphabet, in contradistinction to italic.


Ronde
An upright cursive form, though the name is applied sometimes to sliping designs.


Round letter
One based in its design on a circle.