Glossary: B




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TYPE DESIGN

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Background
An intended foil for a type design, and consisting of solid, lined, stippled or figured patternwork.






Bar
A horizontal in such letters as A e t.

The line uniting the stems of capital H A, lowercase e; also known as Closed Arm; see also Oblique Bar.


Barb
A serif-like formation on C S G.





Baseline
An imaginary line that most characters seem to rest on.


Bastard type
That cast on a body smaller or larger than it should be.


Beak
1.  A serif-like formation at the end of an arm.
2.  The end of certain curved lines.


Bézier curve
Polynomial curve; an established standard in computer-aided geometric design.

Bezier splines are curves which interpolate between two endpoints, with additional parameters governing the shape determined by two ``control points''.
UBC Mathematics Department
http://www.math.ubc.ca/







Bitmap
Letter image made of dots, especially in low resolution, where the dots can be seen.

Black
A name given to very heavy designs.

Blackletter
An ecclesiastical style of character, sometimes known as Gothic or Old English.

Block letter
That squarish in cut and without serifs; often in the sense of capitals only.

Block serif
Slab serif (see Slab).

Body letter
Type intended principally for the setting of large quntities of reading matter, also known as Text Letter.

Body mark
Name sometimes given to the Main Stem.

Bold
A weight of type (ie thickness of stroke) appreciably greater than normal.

Bow
A term sometimes used for Bowl (qv).





Bowl
A curve that encloses a space in a character.

Bracket
A curved filet, commonly used to unite serif with stem.