Glossary: A




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TYPE DESIGN

Design notes
Basics
Decisions
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Bold
Italic
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Elbow grease

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Alignment
Evenness of appearance of characters along the baseline


Alternatives
A variant on the standard design, and offered as a swash or modified shape.


Antique
A design in which the constituent strokes are of approximately the same thickness, serifs are of slab formation, with slight bracketing to stems, thre being some kinship with egyptians and clarendons.






Anti-aliasing
The enlarged detail shows how grayscaling smooths the edges of a bitmap.

Apex
The head of a letter, especially where two strokes join.

Arch
A connecting curve, as in C G m n etc.





Arm
A horizontal, free at one end.

Arm, closed
See Bar.

Arm, inclined
See Sloping stem.





Ascender
Part of a lower case letters that rises above the x-height.

Ascender line
The implied line to which ascending letters normally reach, and which demarcates in most instances the uppermost limits of the characters of the font.

Ascender letters
Those that rise above the mean line; capitals (and modern face style of figures) are sometimes also included.

Ascii
American Standard Code of Information Interchange: a list of 128 numbered characters and print commands. Another 128 are known as “upper-ascii” or “extended-ascii.” Their arrangement is not a part of the standard, and differs from one operating system to the next.